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Chapéu Universitário


In the context of the Erasmus+ Programme, the following meanings apply to:

  • Vocational Education and Training: aims to provide people with knowledge, expertise, skills and/or the aptitudes needed by specific professions or by the labour market; this can apply to initial or ongoing learning.

  • Trainees: learners in this area.

Vocational Education and Training make a clear contribution to the motivation and performance of young trainees.


To facilitate personal development and employability through solid partnerships between education and the labour market.


To strengthen the appeal of Vocational Education and Training through the mobility of trainees and staff.


To support vocational education and learning stakeholders through training and/or professional development actions in the acquisition and use of knowledge, skills and qualifications in the workplace.


To adjust the relevance of Vocational Education and Training (VET) to the labour market needs.


To adjust the relevance of skills and reduce the shortage of man power in all economic sectors by adapting curricula and profiles of acquired qualifications and by establishing stable partnerships among VET providers and economic agents, including social partners, development agencies, innovation systems entities and chambers of commerce, and related sectors.


To increase transparency and mutual trust among VET systems through coherent streamlining and implementation at national level of the recommendations of the “European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training” (ECVET) and the “European Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training” (EQAVET).


To support permanent, career-orientated, easy-access vocational education and training to include people less likely to participate in these learning activities.


To promote and develop the capacities and skills of teachers and trainers, with special emphasis on workplace training, the creation of partnerships among teachers in schools and trainers in companies, as well as in-company training of trainers.

Key-Action 1: Mobility

Mobility projects for VET trainees and staff training may include the following types of activities abroad:

Trainees’ and recent graduates (less than 12 months after graduation) mobility

  • Mobility in VET providers or companies;

  • Long-term mobility in VET providers or companies (ErasmusPro).

Staff mobility

  • Teaching or training assignments; 

  • Training in at a company or another VET provider

    • work placement; ​

    • job shadowing.


Trainees, recent graduates, trainers and staff from vocational education and training organisations or companies.


Any private or public VET provider that sends trainees and staff members abroad; the coordinator of the National Mobility Consortium.

Key-Action 2: Strategic Partnerships

A strategic partnership is transnational, devoted to develop initiatives in one or more areas of education and training; it involves at least three organisations from three Programme countries; it allows participating organisations to gain experience in international cooperation and strengthen their capacities, and/or produce tangible, innovative, high-quality results with individual and institutional impact.

  • Strategic partnerships supporting innovation;

  • Strategic partnerships supporting exchange of good practices.

Types of Partnerships

Trainees, teaching and non-teaching staff of VET providers.

Mobility for training activities:

  • Apprentices and VET trainees in blended mobility;

  • Trainees of all ages accompanied by staff in short-term exchange

  • Teachers and trainers on teaching or training assignments;

  • Staff in joint training events.


A public or private organization, active in any field of education and training, or that is linked to the labour world; organisations that execute transversal activities in different areas (for example, companies, Chambers of Commerce, NGOs); any organisation established in a Programme country; organisations in partner countries can participate as partners (but not as applicants), as long as this participation adds value to the project.


Supporting Documentation

Vocational Education and Training flyer

VET Charter brochure

VET Charter flyer

National Catalogue of Qualifications


Work-based learning TOOLKIT

CEDEFOP (European Centre for the Development of Vocation Training)

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Education and Training Sectors (ET)

Ensino e Formação Profissional
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